The Albanian Enforcement System
This article presents an overview of the Albanian legal system of enforcement in the civil and commercial area. Its purpose is not only to identify the enforcement system in Albania and the characteristics of each enforcement title but also to compare it with that of the Brussels IA Regulation. The article concludes that the Albanian enforcement system is built on the spirit of the European system and is very similar to several European countries. However, the range of foreign enforcement titles that can be recognized and enforced in Albania is narrower than that provided in the European Union countries. Therefore, it should be expanded to include, in addition to irreversible judgments, other European enforcement acts, such as European Payment Order, Settlement Agreements, Authentic instruments, etc.
Albanian Code of Criminal Procedure.
Law No. 10 385, “For mediation on solving the disputes,” amended lately by Law No. 26/2018, dated 24.2.2011.
Bilateral agreement between the Republic of Albania and the Republic of Bulgaria on Mutual Legal Assistance in Civil Matters ratified by Law No. 9348, dated 24.02.2005.
Agreement between the Government of Albania and the Government of North Macedonia on Legal Assistance in the field of Civil and Criminal Matters, signed on 15.01.1998.
Convention on Mutual Assistance in Civil, Commercial and Criminal Matters between the Republic of Albania and the Republic of Turkey, signed on 15.03.1995.
Protocol on the Exchange of Instruments of Ratification of the Convention on Mutual Assistance in Civil, Commercial and Criminal Matters between the Republic of Albania and the Republic of Turkey, signed and in force on 20.02.1998.
Convention between the Republic of Albania and the Republic of Greece on Judicial Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters, signed on 17.5.1993.
Agreement between and The Russian Federation “On Legal Aid in Civil, Criminal and Family Matters” ratified by law No. 8061, dated 08.02.1996, FZ No. 2/1996, p. 35.
Agreement between Albania and Romania “On Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal and Family Civil Matters” Decree No. 3250, dated 17.04.1961, GZ No. 6/1962, p. 125.
Agreement between Albania and Hungary “On Mutual Legal Assistance in Civil, Criminal and Family Matters” Decree No. 3119, dated 06.06.1960, GZ No. 3/1961, p. 75.
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Judgment of the Constitutional Court No. 71/17.
Judgment of the Constitutional Court No. 14/17.
Judgment of the Constitutional Court No. 41/16.
Judgment of the Constitutional Court No. 87/16.
Judgment of the Constitutional Court No. 62/15.
Judgment of the Constitutional Court No. 44/14.
Judgment of the Constitutional Court No. 36/13.
Judgment of the Constitutional Court No. 36/10.
Judgment of the Constitutional Court No. 21/10.
Judgment of the Constitutional Court No. 24/08.
Judgment of the Constitutional Court No. 6/2003.
Unifying Judgment of the Albanian High Court, No. 2, dated 03.11.2014.
Unifying Judgment of the Albanian High Court No. 980, dated 29.09.2000.
Judgment of the Civil Chamber of the High Court No. 169, dated 05.03.2013.
Judgment of the Appellate Court of Tirana No. 40, dated 23.02.2017.
Judgment of the Appellate Court of Tirana No. 32/1010, dated 01.03.2012.
Judgment of District Court of Tirana No. 7, dated 28.01.2019.
ECtHR 25th September 2012, Case No. 58555/10, Rrapo v Albania.
ECtHR 29 September 2009, Case No. 32907/07, Gjyli v Albania.
ECtHR 24 June 2014, Case No.1542/13, Becaj v Albania.
Case C-456/11, Gothaer Allgemeine Versicherung and others, ECLI:EU:C:2012:719.
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